CBI
CBI
For your information

Gender
(in)equality

Huge strides have been taken towards gender equality during the past few decades, but there’s still a way to go. In the area of work, for example, women still earn between 10 and 30 per cent less than their male counterparts. And they have to spend at least twice as much time as men doing unpaid domestic work too. Aside from cultural aspects, a key enabler to gainful employment is education, but here too the playing field is far from level. And for some reason there are far less women than men in political and managerial positions. The charts on the following pages give some insight into just how equal women aren’t in all regions of today’s world.

For your information

Women and work

This chart shows the percentages of economically active men and women participating in the labour forces of the largest developing countries for which data is available. To show the gender gap in earnings, the third bar shows women’s earnings as a percentage of men’s for those same countries.

% women % men % earnings women
India
31 83 72
Indonesia
53 85 85
Brazil
65 85 88
Pakistan
26 85 36
Bangladesh
60 85 68
Mexico
48 83 72
Philippines
53 82 88
Vietnam
78 84 80
Egypt
65 79 59
Turkey
72 76 96
Source: The World
Bank 2008-2012
For your information

Women and literacy

Worldwide there are still over 900 million adults and youths who cannot read or write a simple sentence, and two-thirds of them are women. This chart lists the 13 countries with the lowest literacy rates (excluding the countries that don’t want their literacy estimates to be published).

% women % men
Niger
15 43
Mali
20 43
Burkina Faso
22 37
Chad
24 45
Ethiopia
29 49
Guinea
30 52
Benin
30 55
Sierra Leone
31 54
Bhutan
39 65
Senegal
39 62
Pakistan
40 69
Gambia
40 60
Guinea-Bissau
41 68
Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS)
data from 2005-2010 (updated 2012)
For your information

Women in government

The table below provides an overview of CBI-supported countries in which women are least represented in government. For comparison purposes the respective percentages of women in (bicameral) parliaments are given for 2007 and 2012.

% 2007 % 2012
Zambia
15 11.5
Jordan
6 10.8
Armenia
9 10.7
Mali
10 10.2
Kenya
7 9.8
Benin
8 8.4
Ghana
11 8.3
D.R. of Congo
... 7.4
Georgia
9 6.6
Myanmar
... 6
Sri Lanka
5 5.8
Egypt
2 2
Yemen
0 0.3
Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS)
data from 2005-2010 (updated 2012)
Data was not available for CBI countries
Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova,
the Palestinian Territories and Tanzania.
For your information

Women in management

Finally while the “developed” world actively promotes gender equality there are areas in which practice could be more in line with preaching. According to the OECD (Organisation of Economic Cooperation and Development) the so-called “glass ceiling” still covers much of its corporate world, with women still disadvantaged in senior management. This chart shows the percentages of women and men on the management boards of listed companies in 10 OECD countries, along with the OECD average.

% women % men
Norway
39 61
Sweden
20 80
France
19 81
Indonesia
18 82
United States
12 88
OECD average
11 89
New Zealand
9 91
Ireland
8 92
Netherlands
5 95
Japan
4 96
Germany
3 97
Source: OECD